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PhilipBitar.com - Overview - Copyright terms

Copyright terms
Goals of restrictions and rights

In my view, quotes from nonfiction text should be encouraged because they provide free advertising, as long as the original meaning is conveyed. Furthermore, a quote is more accurate than a paraphrase. So my first goal is to encourage a reader to quote relatively freely from this book for the purpose of putting the quoted material to normal and proper use. My second goal is to discourage a reader from copying the book in order to avoid purchasing it because the income from this book is my livelihood, compensating me for 10 years of work in creating it. To serve these ends, I establish the following restrictions and rights for use of the content of this book.

Rights reserved

Figure 4.2.2.  No part of the poem in figure 4.2.2 may be quoted or reproduced in any form by any means without specific written permission from the copyright holder, except for non-recorded oral presentation. Note that figure 4.2.2 does not appear in the abridged version.

Remaining content.  No part of the remaining original content of this book (excluding quotes from other sources) may be quoted or reproduced in any form by any means without specific written permission from the copyright holder, except as stated below under rights granted.

Rights granted

Quotation rights.  Subject to the rights reserved above, permission is hereby granted for an author to quote from this book under the following restrictions.


Accuracy.  A quote is perfectly accurate as to wording, spelling, and punctuation, except that an obvious typo can be corrected. Be sure to carefully verify accuracy. Do not assume that someone else’s quote is accurate.

Meaning and use.  The meaning of a quote as given by the original context is accurately conveyed, and the quoted material is put to the normal and proper use of authors in their own writing and speaking: analysis, discussion, debate, support, illustration, color, satire, parody, etc. Permission is not granted to use a quote for any other purpose, such as use as a slogan or a slanderous statement to promote a cause or a product.

Citation.  The author, title, version, and page numbers are clearly identified for each quote. Here is an example for a block of three quotes drawn from three respective locations in the order shown: Philip Bitar, Why? In Pursuit of the Ultimate Answer, Abridged 2008-11-11, p. 200, 100, 500-501. This standard can be relaxed for a presentation that establishes the author, title, and version in the main text, in which case the relevant page numbers may be given in the main text.



Web postings.  Excerpts posted at www.philipbitar.com may be quoted without limit and may be cited in the same manner as cited in the posting.

Remaining content

In a forum.  The length of a quote presented for discussion in a forum does not exceed 500 words.

In a work not exceeding 100 pages.  The total amount of material quoted in a work of 100 pages or less does not exceed the larger of 500 words or 1/20 of the work: for example, 500 words of a 4000-word article, 600 words of a 12,000-word essay, or 5 pages of a 100-page report.

In a work exceeding 100 pages.  The total amount of material quoted in a work of more than 100 pages does not exceed the larger of 5 of those pages or 1/50 of the work: for example, 5 pages of a 200-page book, or 7 pages of a 350-page book.

Photocopy permission

I considered granting limited photocopy permission to instructors for classroom use, but I decided not to do so except by specific request. The reason is that the abridged version is pared down to the theoretical essentials, and the theory is tightly integrated from beginning to end. As a result, I think that a student who is going to study part of the book should have the entire work in hand so that they can understand the rationale for the part of particular interest — understanding how it connects tightly to the theory throughout the rest of the book.

More specifically, I think that it is inevitable that if a student reads a photocopied excerpt of a few pages, they will find themself profoundly dissatisfied at not being able to follow the logical connections that the excerpt has with prior material, as well as with succeeding material. In my view, it would be as dissatisfying as viewing part of a painting, such as da Vinci's Last Supper, without being able to view the entire painting. Just the same, if an instructor feels that they have a good case for an exception, please send me email at pr @ philipbitar.com.

Fair use

For further info about the use of copyrighted material see fairuse.stanford.edu.